has a 24,090 km2 surface, at the centre of the western Mediterranean;
it is shaped as a rectangle (the ancients saw it shaped as a sandal)
and faces a gulf on each side: the gulf of Cagliari to the south,
that of Oristano to the west, that of Orosei to the east, and
the gulf of Asinara to the north.
territory is mainly mountainous; the highest peak - Punta
Lamarmora - raises for 1834 metres at the centre of the isle,
in the Gennargentu massif. The only plain is Campidano, which
crosses the isle from west southwards, linking the gulf of Oristano
to that of Cagliari.
grey and cloudy days are very uncommon; precipitations basically
occur between November and February and they are not very frequent.
temperature only reaches values
below zero in Winter, and only in internal, highest zones.
The most frequent winds are the north-west mistral, strong and
dry, and the hot and humid sirocco from Africa. Sardinia is one
of the European countries with the least inhabitants: 1,644,000,
of which about 400,000 in the metropolitan area of Cagliari.